As most fires in the home start accidentally, it's important to carry out a few simple safety checks.
Every home should have at least 1 working smoke alarm. They can be bought at most supermarkets, DIY stores and electrical equipment shops.
Steps to be prepared
Fit at least 1 smoke alarm on each level of your home and test them weekly.
Plan an evacuation route out of your home in case your normal way out is obstructed - ensure this route is kept clear of any obstructions and notify all members of the household.
Ensure that all members of the household are aware that, in the event of a fire, it is important to stay low to decrease smoke inhalation.
Keep all doors and windows closed that you do not need to open. This prevents fire from spreading as quickly as it would if you left them open.
Prepare a grab bag and leave it in an easily-accessible place, so you can collect it in the event of evacuation (but only when safe to do so).
Once a fire has occurred the fire brigade will assess your building and advise you of any apparent structural or other defects.
The London Fire Brigade website provides lots of useful information, including home safety checks, smoke alarms and how to install/test them, response to fires including escaping from a fire and what to do after a fire.