Article 4 Directions

Article 4 Directions are issued to require planning permission for certain types of development where permission is not normally required.

Certain works that would normally require planning permission are permitted by the General Permitted Development Order 2015. 

The GPDO enables councils to issue an Article 4 Direction, which restricts the scope of permitted development rights either in relation to a particular area or site, or a particular type of development anywhere in the authority's area. Article 4 Directions are issued where evidence suggests that undertaking certain types of development (where planning permission is not normally required) would harm local amenities or the proper planning of an area. 

The council introduces each Article 4 Direction under the The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 (GPDO). Where an Article 4 direction is in effect, a planning application may be required for development that would otherwise have been permitted development. 

Note: An Article 4 Direction does not prevent the development but instead requires planning permission to be obtained first from the council. This does not imply that the council will either approve or refuse the planning applications.


Proposed Article 4 Directions Consultations

Hillingdon Council is using its planning powers to protect employment locations and jobs in the borough.

Details on this consultation and how to comment are available here.


Houses of Multiple Occupation (HMOs)

From March 2013, Hillingdon Council has made changes to the planning rules for houses of multiple occupation.

What's changed?

It's necessary to obtain planning permission to convert a family dwelling (Use Class C3) to a HMO with between 3 and 6 unrelated people sharing (Use Class C4) throughout the wards of Brunel and Uxbridge South.

Note: Planning permission is already required for properties shared by 7 or more unrelated people. 

Why the change?

The council is concerned about the effects of high concentrations of student housing in certain areas.

What properties are covered by the Article 4 Direction?

The Direction relates to development changing the use of a building to a Class C4 (houses in multiple occupation) from a use falling within Class C3 (dwelling houses). It removes permitted development rights for this type of development.


Protection of strategic employment land

What's changed?

The direction relates to development comprising the change of use of employment buildings to a residential use.

The Article 4(1) Direction removes permitted development rights B1(a) and B1(c) to C3 (Class O of the 2015 GPDO and Class PA of the 2016 GPDO, respectively) in specific parts of the borough to protect strategic employment land.

Planning permission is required for change of use to residential from 22 November 2017 in the strategic locations identified under the Article 4(1) Direction below.

Dates and documents

Hillingdon Council made an Article 4 Direction [530KB]  on 22 November 2016. The Direction was confirmed by Full Council and came into force on 22 November 2017


Residential extensions

What's changed?

The Direction relates to development comprising the enlargement, improvement or other alteration of a dwelling house, where the enlarged part would have a single storey and would extend beyond the rear wall of the original dwelling house by more than 4 metres. 

The Article 4(1) Direction removes permitted development rights for this type of development. Planning permission is required for such development from 22 September 2014. 

Dates and documents

The council made an Article 4(1) Direction [337KB]  on 20 September 2013. The Direction was confirmed by Full Council and came into force on 22 September 2014. 

Page last updated: 30 Sep 2020